Pattern Interpretations


Movements: 19

Ki-Haps: 17 & 19


Chon-ji means literally "the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.


Movements: 21

Ki-Haps: 8 & 17


Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.


Movements: 24

Ki-Haps: 6 & 24


DO-SAN is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938) Who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.


Movements: 28

Ki-Haps: 12 & 26

Interpretation :

WON-HYO was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.



Movements: 38

Ki-Haps: 23 & 36


YUL-GOK is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yil (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea" The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".


Movements: 32

Ki-Haps: 12 & 32


JOONG-GUN is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910).


Movements: 37

Ki-Haps: 21 & 37


TOI-GYE is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram represents " scholar".

 (37 moves) (kihaps 21 & 37)


Movements: 29

Ki-Haps: 14 & 29


HWA-RANG is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. This eventually became the actual driving force behind the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.


Movements: 30

Ki-Haps: 9 & 30


CHOONG-MOO was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.


Movements: 39

Ki-Haps: 1 & 39


KWANG-GAE is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A. D., the year he came to the throne.


Movements: 36

Ki-Haps: 1 & 36


PO-EUN is the pseudonym of the loyal subject Chong-Mong Chu (14th Century AD) who was a famous poet and whose poem ?I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times? is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of Physics. The diagram of this pattern represents his unerring loyalty to king and country at the end of the Koryo dynasty.


Movements: 44

Ki-Haps: 1 & 44


GE-BAEK is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the BaekJe Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.


Movements: 45

Ki-Haps: 1 & 45


EUI-AM is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.


Movements: 52

Ki-Haps: 1 & 52


CHOONG-JANG is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Yi Dynasty, 16th century. This pattern ends with a left hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.


Movements: 45

Ki-Haps: 1 & 45

Interpretation: JUCHE is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything, in other words, the idea that man is that master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain, which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram represents Baekdu Mountain.


Movements: 33

Ki-Haps: 1 & 33


SAM-IL denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.


Movements: 68

Ki-Haps: 1 & 68

Interpretation: YOO-SIN is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, commanding general during the Silla Dynasty, who unified the three separate kingdoms of Korea. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. (This pattern is named after General Kim Yoo-Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was finally united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo-Sin's mistake of following his King?s orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.) 


Movements: 46

Ki-Haps: 1 & 46

Interpretation - CHOI-YONG is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders, headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Yi Dynasty.


Movements: 49

Ki-Haps: 1 & 49

Interpretation - YON-GAE is named after a famous general during the Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae Somun. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A.D., the year he forced the Dang Dynasty to quit Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 Chinese troops at Ansi Sung.


Movements: 42

Ki-Haps: 1 & 42

Interpretation - UL-JI is named after general Ul-Ji Mun Kuk who successfully defended Korea against a Chinese invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D. Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represent General Choi?s age when he designed the pattern. 


Movements: 61

Ki-Haps: 1 & 61

Interpretation - MOON-MOO honors the 30th king of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King's Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea "Where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese." It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone Cave) was built to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements in this pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.


Movements: 72

Ki-Haps: 1 & 72

Interpretation - SO-SAN is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyung Ung, 1520-1604, during the Yi Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organized a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Samung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repulse the Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.


Movements: 24

Ki-Haps: 1 & 24

Interpretation - SE-JONG is named after the greatest Korean king, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443 A.D., and was also a noted meteorologist. The diagram represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.


Movements: 56

Ki-Haps: 1 & 56

Interpretation - TONG-IL denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram (|) symbolized the homogenous race.


Movements: 39

Ki-Haps: 1 & 39

Interpretation - KO-DANG is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Sik who dedicated his life to the independence movement and education of his people. The 39 movements signify his times of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel.